Punjabi Alphabet – ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ

Punjabi is the world’s tenth most widely spoken language. If you come from a Sikh family, you will be able to communicate and understand easily. Because Punjabi is our primary language, we have been taught the Punjabi alphabet (Varnamala) since childhood, despite the fact that various languages are spoken around the world.

Punjabi is a language spoken in numerous nations, although it is primarily spoken in these. Indo-European Indo-Iranian Punjabi is a Northwestern Indo-Aryan language, and the most essential thing is that it is written exactly as it is spoken. Punjabi is also an ancient language.

Although the Punjabi language is relatively simple to learn, in today’s modern period, more focus is placed on the English language, making it difficult for children to learn the Punjabi alphabet (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ) in writing.

As a result, in order to master the 35 Akhri Alphabet, you must first understand Punjabi Varnamala (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ). As a result, today we will present you with comprehensive information about Punjabi Gurmukhi, covering everything from Punjabi grammar to how to speak and read Punjabi.

Punjabi Alphabet (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ) | 35 Akhri

Most of the students have questions in their minds how many letters are in Punjabi Alphabet (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ)? The answer is quite simple Punjabi Gurmukhi contains only 35 Akhari letters.

Punjabi Alphabet ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) GurmukhiEnglish
ਓੂੜਾOo’rhaa
ਐੜਾAi’rhaa
ਈੜੀEe’rhee
ਸੱਸਾsas’saa
ਹਾਹਾhaa’haa
ਕੱਕਾKak’kaa
ਖੱਖਾkhakh’khaa
ਗੱਗਾgag’gaa
ਘੱਘਾghag’ghaa
ਙੰਙਾNgan’ngaa
ਚੱਚਾchach’chaa
ਛੱਛਾchhachh’chhaa
ਜੱਜਾjaj’jaa
ਝੱਝਾjhaj’jhaa
ਞੰਞਾNjan’njaa
ਟੈਂਕਾtain’kaa
ਠੱਠਾthath’thaa
ਡੱਡਾddad’daa
ਢੱਢਾdhad’daa
ਣਾਣਾnhaa’nhaa
ਤੱਤਾtat’taa
ਥੱਥਾthath’thaa
ਦੱਦਾdad’daa
ਧੱਧਾdhad’daa
ਨੱਨਾnan’naa
ਪੱਪਾpap’paa
ਫੱਫਾphaph’phaa
ਬੱਬਾbab’baa
ਭੱਭਾbhab’baa
ਮੱਮਾmam’maa
ਯੱਯਾyay’yaa
ਰਾਰਾra’raa
ਲੱਲਾlal’laa
ਵੱਵਾvav’vaa
ੜਾੜਾrhar’rhaa
ਸ਼ਸ਼ੱਸ਼ਾshash’shaa
ਖ਼ਖ਼ੱਖ਼ਾkha’khaa
ਗ਼ਗ਼ੱਗ਼ਾgag’gaa
ਜ਼ਜ਼ੱਜ਼ਾZaz’zaa
ਫ਼ਫ਼ੱਫ਼ਾfaf’faa
ਲ਼ਲ਼ੱਲ਼ਾlal’laa

Now it’s time to learn and understand more Punjabi Varnamala. Let’s get started. There are 10 vowels in the Punjabi alphabet. Which you need to read and learn more about them.

āਕੰਨਾ kannāਸਾ sā
ਿIਸਿਹਾਰੀ sihārīਸਿ si
īਬਿਹਾਰੀ bihārīਸੀ sī
uਔਂਕੜ auṅkaṛਸੁ su
ūਦੁਲੈਂਕੜ dulaiṅkaṛਸੂ sū
ēਲਾਂਵਾਂ lāṃvāṃਸੇ sē
aiਦੁਲਾਂਵਾਂ dulāṃvāṃਸੈ sai
ōਹੋੜਾ hōṛāਸੋ sō
auਕਨੌੜਾ kanauṛāਸੌ sau

Nasal Signs

ਬਿੰਦੀ bindīIts sound is the same as ‘n’ inland, sand
ਟਿੱਪੀ ṭippīIts sound is the same as ‘n’ in punch, lunch
ਅਧਕ adhakdouble sound to the particular consonant that it is assigned to

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