Narinder Singh Kapany, The Man Who Bent Light: Father of Fibre Optics

Many Punjabis throughout the world, like the late Doctor Narinder Singh Kapany, popularly known as the Father of Fibre Optics, are making significant contributions to their respective areas.

Narinder Singh, who was born in Moga, Punjab, on October 31, 1926, into a Sikh family, attended school in Dehradun.




His instructor in the 1940s informed him that light only travels in a straight path, but Singh was aware that light may, at the very least, be bent in a variety of ways since he had previously used a box camera.

In addition, the instructor’s attitude strengthened his desire to disprove the teacher.

As it turned out, the West had been working on flexible glass wire light transmission for decades before he arrived at Imperial College London in 1952.

A massive bundle of optical fibers was used by the business and another scientist, Harold Hopkins, at Imperial College in 1953 to achieve optimum picture transmission.

Before Hopkins & Co.’s technique, optical fibers were used to transmit images, but the picture quality was not as good as expected.




In addition, the creation of optical cladding by Dutch scientist Bram van Heel contributed to ushering in a new fiber optics sector practically at the same time as the invention of optical cladding.

There is a lot of credit to go around, but it all goes back to a 1960 Scientific American article in which the phrase “fiber optics” was invented and the first book on the subject.

As a result, Narinder Singh Kapany has been dubbed the “Father of Fiber Optics.” As a refresher for those who don’t know, fiber optics are a kind of flexible, transparent fiber created by drawing glass (silica) or plastic in sizes a bit larger than human hair.

Transmission of light may be accomplished via optical fiber. In addition, many people believed that his work in fiber optics should have earned him the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics.

In addition, Fortune Magazine named him one of the seven ‘Unsung Heroes of the 20th Century’ for his Nobel Prize-winning invention. The Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honor, was posthumously given to Narinder Singh Kapany in 2021.

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He died in December 2020 at the age of 94. Still, Narendra S. Kapany, who fought tirelessly to raise the profile of optical research in government and business budgets, will be remembered for his dedication to the cause. Dr. Kapani’s two daughters and four grandkids are all that remains of his family.

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